QUESTIONS FOR ASSOCIATES, MEMBERS AND FELLOWS
Q1. Explain some of the characteristics of the Tango Walk and how it differs from the Walk in the Foxtrot.
A1. Owing to the fact that the R. arm of Man is placed more round the Lady’s back, the R. hip and shoulder are more forward, and this will result in each step forward with L.F. being placed in C.B.M.P. and each step forward with RF. being taken in a more open position. This will tend to make the walk curve to Man’s Left. The knees are slightly more relaxed and the feet are picked up and placed in position, instead of skimming over the ﬂoor. The rear foot is delayed slightly, which will result in a more staccato action.
Q2. Explain any differences in the Hold. Man and Lady.
A2. Although the Hold of many dancers varies, essential differences are:—The Man’s R. arm is more round the Lady. The Hold on the Man’s L. side is more compact, with the forearms, from elbow to hand, tending to come inwards towards the bodies, and not so much upwards as in the moving dances. L. elbow is kept high, level with the shoulder. Because of the position of the Man’s R. arm, the Lady’s L. hand will be placed either at the back of the Man’s R. arm or even on his back, just under the arm-pit.
Q3. IS the balance in Tango Walk the same as in Foxtrot?
A3. In standard technique, Yes. Some dancers feel that the delay of the rear foot tends to keep the balance slightly more back when moving forward. Others feel that the R. shoulder lead brings the weight more forward.
Q4. When moving backwards, would you say that the back heel lowers about the same time as in a Foxtrot walk?
A4. No. The position of the body tends to make the back heel lower earlier than in the moving dances.
Q5. In the backward walk, is the foot picked up and placed in position to the same extent as in a forward walk?
A5. No. Such a movement would look ugly and forced.
Q6. Which is the best direction to commence the Tango Walk and why?
A6. Diag. to wall, because it tends to curve to the Left.
Q7. If the LP. is placed in C.B.M.P. does this mean that the walk tends to move sideways, to Man’s Right?
A7. No. The step moves straight forward, .it is the shoulder lead that results in it being placed in C.B.M.P.
Q8. If you commenced facing diag. to wall and danced 2 walks (L.F. R.F.) then a Progressive Side Step followed by a walk on R.F. into a Closed Promenade, in which direction would you take the Promenade?
A8. Body would be facing L.O.D. on the R.F. walk, and the Promenade should be “taken diag. to centre—not along the L.O.D.
Q9. Could 2 walks, a Progressive Side Step and a Walk on R.F., curve to end facing diag. to centre?
A9. Quite easily. It would be an even more natural alignment.
Q10. You stated that the knees were more relaxed in Tango. Does this mean that’the movement is a soft one?
A10. No. Considerable tension is kept in the muscles of the legs even though the knees are more relaxed. The movement is a ﬁrm one.
Q11. Is any turn made on a Progressive Side Step?
All. It should always tend to curve slightly to the L. It must not travel sideways to Man’s Right.
Q12. Give the footwork of the Progressive Side Step as Man and Lady.
A12. Man: 1, H.; 2, LE. of foot; 3, H. Lady; 1, B.H.; 2, LE. ofB.H.; 3, B.-
Q13. Which ﬁgures can precede a Closed Promenade?
A13. Walk on R.F.; any Closed Finish; Natural Twist Turn; Promenade Turn; Progressive Link; (M) Four Step; Fallaway Promenade; Brush Tap; Outside Swivel into Steps 2, 3, 4.
Q14. What can follow a Closed Promenade (Basic ﬁgures only)?
A14. Another Promenade ﬁgure; Walk on L.F.; Progressive Side Step; Back Corte or L.F. Rock. If ended facing diag. to centre a Reverse Turn could follow. Progressive Link.
Q15. When, after dancing a Natural Twist Turn the feet are closed, ready to commence a Promenade, what is the position of the feet of Man and Lady?
A15. Man’s feet are closed with L.F. slightly forward. Lady’s feet are closed with L.F. slightly
Q16. Give the Foot Positions of a. Closed Promenade as Man.
A16. Man: 1, LP. to side in RR; 2, R.F. forward and across in RP. and C.B.M.P., 3, LE. to side .and slightly forward; 4, R.F. closes, slightly back.
Q16. Does the Man ever turn to R. on a Closed Promenade? Give an example.
A16. Yes. Man may turn a 1/4 to R. to get square to Lady and end backing diag. to centre.
Q17. What would follow?
A17. Back Corte or a L.F. Rock.
Q18. Give the alignment of the Back Corte ifthis amalgamation is danced along the side of room.
A18. (1) Down LCD. with body backing. diag. to centre. (2) DC. (3) Pointing D.W. (4) Facing D.W.
Q19. Explain what Man does when he takes a Promenade after a R.F. walk.
A19. R.F. moves forward without the usual R. shoulder lead. With his R. hand he applies pressure on the Lady’s L. side thus turning her to RP. Before moving LP. to side for the 1st step of Promenade, he will close or nearly close LP. to side of R.F. without weight on the count of “8.5.”
Q20. Does the Man’s body turn as R.F. closes on 4 of a Promenade?
A20. Yes. As R.F. closes, the R. shoulder moves slightly forward, thus assuming the normal Tango position with R. shoulder leading.
Q21. Explain the Hip contact of Man and Lady in a Promenade.
A21. The Lady’s L. .hip is slightly behind Man’s R. hip. They should not dance a promenade
exactly ‘hip to hip. ’
Q22. What differences are there between a Closed and Open Promenade (Man)?
A22. In the Open Promenade the 4th step is forward in C.B.M.P., outside Lady. Man turns slightly to R. on the 3rd step so that the alignment is between wall and D.W. for 3 and 4, instead of D.W.
Q23. How much turn does the Lady make between 2 and 3 of Open Promenade?
A23. Just under a quarter turn to L.
Q24. What may follow an Open Promenade?
A24. Progressive Side Step; Progressive Link; Back Corte; L.F. Rock danced with a slight turn to R.; (M) Four Step; Brush Tap; Outside Swivel.
Q25. What is unusual about the LP. Rock after an Open Promenade?
A25. Steps are in C.B.M.P. There are no shoulder leads.
Q26. Give the C.B.M. and C.B.M.P. on a Back Corte taken aﬁer Open Promenade.
A26. 1; C.B.M.P. and slight C.B.M. (turning to R.); 2; Slight C.B.M. (to L.).
Q27. How does the Lady know when the Man intends to dance an Open Promenade?
A27. He will keep his weight slightly more forward on the 3rd step and Lady will feel Man’s body turn slightly to R. on 2-3.
Q28. Describe a Rock back on LP.
A28. L.F. back; L. shoulder leading; Q. Transfer weight forward to RR, R. shoulder leading; Q.
L.F. back; small step; L. shoulder leading; S.
Q29. Do you ever dance two Rocks in succession?
A29. Yes. A R.F. Rock may follow a L.F. Rock.
Q30. What is the diﬁerence between a L.F. Rock and R.F. Rock?
A30. L.F. Rock is danced with L. shoulder leading; and in ‘Open’ position. R.F. Rock is danced
with each step in C.B.M.P.
Q31. If a Closed Finish follows a L.F. Rock danced down L.O.D.; what is the alignment of the 1st step of the Closed Finish? Also what would be the alignment of the 1st step of a R.F. Rock taken after this L.F. Rock?
A31. (1) 1st step of Closed Finish would be DC. (2) 1st step of a R.F. Rock would be down L.O.D.
Q32. Why does the alignment of the above vary?
A32. When a turn to Left follows a step taken with a L. shoulder lead the alignment of the 1st turning step will follow the direction of the body on the previous step. There is no turn on a R F. Rock; so the alignment will not alter—it will follow the alignment of the LP. Rock; Down L.O.D.
Q33. Can a Rock be danced sideways?
A33. Yes. It is often danced on the 1st step of the Closed Promenade; QQS. and ended with steps 2; 3; 4 of a Promenade, QQS.
Q34. What is the difference between a Back Corte and a Closed Finish?
A34. A Back Corte has one more step (L.F. back). A Closed Finish is the same as the last 3 steps of a Back Corte.
Q35. Name several positions from which a Back Corte could be taken.
A35. After any Closed Finish to a Reverse Tum that has not been turned the usual amount. After a Natural Twist Turn; Open Promenade; Closed Promenade; RF. Rock; 4 steps of the Progressive Side Step Reverse Turn.
Q36. In a Promenade, the Man’s feet are pointing diag. to wall and the Lady’s diag. to centre. Are the bodies in the same alignment?
A36. Most advanced dancers keep the Lady rather more square; so that her body is facing between centre and diag. to centre.
Q37. Is the ﬁrst step of a Rock Turn the same as any normal step forward on the RE?
A37. No. It is taken without the usual R. shoulder lead. Slight C.B.M. is used on this step.
Q38. Give the position of the 2nd step of Rock Turn. Man and Lady.
A38. Man: L.F. side and slightly back. Lady: RF. forward and slightly rightwards.
Q39. Describe the Footwork of the Rock Turn as Man.
A39. 1; H.; 2; LE. of B.; H.; 3; LE. of B.; H.; 4; LE. of B.; H.; 5; B.; H.; 6; LE. of foot; 7; whole foot.
Q40. Why is the 3rd step not “H,” the same as all forward steps?
A40. On 1; RF. steps forward diag. to wall. There is no actual turn on this step as L.F. moves to side and slightly back for 2. (If there were, footwork would be “H.B. foot ﬂat” on 1.) When weight is taken to LP. the pressure moves on to LB. of Ball of RF. before it is replaced on the H.
Q41. What amount of Turn is used by Man in the Rock Turn?
A41. 1/4 to R. between 1-3; 1/4 to L. between 3-6.
Q42. What is the alignment of Man’s 4th and 5th steps in Rock Turn?
A42. 4; Diag. to centre; 5; To centre.
Q43. Give a simple and then a more advanced entry to the Rock. Turn.
A43. 1. After a Walk forward on LP. 2. Make the 4th step of a Promenade Turn the 1st step of the Rock Turn.
Q44. How many Reverse Turns do you know? What are they?
A44. Four. 1; Basic Reverse; 2; Progressive Side Step Reverse; 3; Open Reverse (Lady in line); 4; Open Reverse (Lady outside; with Open Finish).
Q45. What is the alignment of 4, 5, 6 of Basic Reverse (Man)?
A45. Down L.O.D. Pointing D.W. Facing D.W.
Q46. Could less turn be made on these 3 steps?
A46. Yes. Often only an 1/8 turn is made to end backing D.C.
Q47. What would follow in this case? What would be the direction of the ﬁrst step of anything. that followed?
A47. A Back Corte or L.F. Rock. 1st step would be down L.O.D.
Q48. What differences are there in the Man’s 2nd step of the two Open Reverse Turns? (Nos. 3 and 4 in Answer No. 44 above.)
A48. In No. 3. the 2nd step is to side and slightly back, with R. heel backing towards the L.O.D.. body ahnost in the same direction. In No. 4, the 2nd step is to side, with body backing D.W.
Q49. Is the alignment of the 4th step the same in both of these turns?
A49. No. In No. 3, 4th step is D.C. In No. 4, it. is Down L.O.D.
Q50. Is the Lady’s Foot Position the same on the 2nd step of these turns?-
A50. No. In No. 3 it is—L. Heel closes to R. Heel (with L. Toe pointing to L.O.D.). In No 4 it is
L.F. to side and slightly forward.
Q51. Is the amount of turn on the complete ﬁgure the same in both of these Open Reverse Turns?
A51. No. One is three-quarters to L., the other just under three-quarters.
Q52. Can. you think of a Basic entry to the Open. Reverse Turn except the usual walk forward on RE?
A52. Sometimes a Closed Promenade or Closed Finish can end facing diag. centre, and the Open Reverse could follow immediately. An example is to dance a Promenade Turn followed by a Rock Turn? starting the Rock Turn .diag. to centre. The Sth step of the Rock Turn is taken against L.O.D. and the Rock Turn ends facing D.C. This amalgamation is used along the side of room.
Q53. Is the Footwork of the 2nd step of all Reverse Turns the same (Man)?
A53. Three are “EH.” The Progressive Side Step Reverse is LE. of foot.
Q54. What endings to the first 4 steps of the Progressive Side Step Reverse do you know?
A54. (1) The normal Rock and Closed Finish. (2) Back Corte. (3) L.F. Rock, then R.F. Rock, and
Back Corte. (4) L.F. Rock, then R.F. back, turning to L. (S) ending with a Progressive Side Step or Progressive Link.
Q55. Is C.B.M.P. used in the Progressive Side Step Reverse Turn?
A55. Yes. On 1, 3 and 8.
Q56. Is it used in the Open Reverse Turns?
A56. Yes. On 1 and 4 and 1 and 3 respectively.
Q57. Does the Lady use a Heel Turn in the Open Reverse Turn (Lady in line)?
A57. No. LP. is placed to RF. with heels together and Toes open* There is no turn on the R. Heel.
Q58. What is the Footwork of these 2 steps?
A58. 1, B.H.; 2. whole foot.
Q59. Explain any differences between 1, 2, 3 of a Foxtrot Reverse Turn and 1, 2., 3 of the Open Reverse Turn (Lady in line) Man’s steps.
A59. Rhythm is different. Foot Positions of 2nd and 3rd steps are different. Sway and Rise are not used in Tango. No body swing is used in Tango. Footwork is different.
Q60. How much turn is. made on the Natural Twist Turn, normal alignment?
A60. A complete turn. (3/8 between 1-4. f on the Twist.)
Q61. Explain what amounts of turn the Man could make on the actual Twist, and say what would follow.
A61. Along side of room:.—Make 1/2 to take Promenade diag. to centre. Make 3/8 to take
Promenade along L.O.D. Make 7/8 to go into a Back Corte or Rock. At a corner:—Make 3/8 to take a Promenade along the new L.O.D. Make 5/8 to take a Back Corte or Rock along new L.O.D.
Q62. If the Man turns 7/8 on the Twist. where will his body be backing and what will be the alignment of step 1 of the Back Corte?
A62. Body backing D.C. 1st step of Back Corte will be “Down L.O.D.”
Q63. When the Man turns 7/8 for a Corte, does Lady turn more?
A63. No. Man turns the extra 1/4 to get square to Lady.
Q64. Where is C.B.M. used by Man and Lady in the. Twist Turn?
A64. Man, on 2. Lady. on 3 and 5.
Q65. What is the alignment of Lady’s 4th and Sth steps?
A65. 4, Down L.O.D., pointing D.W.; 5. To wall.
Q66. Dance the Natural Twist Turn followed by the Rock and Closed Finish, counting in beats and bars (Lady).
A66. 1 6’: 2 &_; .2 & 2 8c; 3 8r; 2 8c; 4 31.. 2 &. 4 bars. (Mite. Dance this very carefully as examiner will watch for technical errors.)
Q67. What is the position of Lady’s 3rd step of the Natural Twist Turn in relation to the Man’s feet?
A67. It is a forward step slightly between Man’s feet.
Q68. Is there any difference between the 3rd step of Natural Twist Turn. and the 3rd step of the Natural Promenade Turn—Lady?
A68. Yes. The 3rd step of a Promenade Turn is a longer step
Q69. Is Lady’s 3rd step of Promenade Turn a Pivot—or Pivoting action?
Q70. What is the Footwork of Lady’s 3rd step?
Q71. What would the Footwork be if any pivot was made?
Q72. Explain exactly what happens- to the Lady’s R.F. as her 4th “step of the Natural. Promenade Turn is taken.
A72. On 3, R.F. steps forward on Heel, then ﬂat. As LP. is taken to side and slightly back for 4, the R. Heel will be released from the ﬂoor, but no attempt is made to make a turn on the ball of R.F. As soon as the weight moves to LP. the R. Heel will move leftwards. If the R. Heel moved leftwards before the LP. was placed, the action would then be a pivot, and the Footwork of 3 would be H.B.H.
Q73. Where is C.B.M. used in the Promenade Turn (Man and Lady)?
A73. Man, 2 and 4. Lady on 3 only.
Q74. In which part of the room is the Promenade Turn used?
A74. It can be used at a corner or along side of room.
Q75. Does the Man use the same amount of turn in either position?
A75. Technically, Yes. At a corner he makes 3/8 “to face D.W. of new L.O.D. Along side of room he will end facing D.C., but will get a slight body turn to R. as LP. is placed to side of R.F. on 4. (His body will then be facing L.O.D.)
Q76. What can follow a Promenade Turn?
A76. Any Promenade ﬁgure or make the 4th ‘step of Promenade Turn the ﬁrst step of the Rock Turn, omitting the Tap” to side with L.F.
Q77. Give the alignment of a Promenade Turn followed by a. Closed Promenade as Lady, when danced along side of room.
A77. 1, Along L.O.D. pointing D.C.; 2, Pointing down L.O.D.; 3, Down L.O.D.; 4, Backing D.C.,
end facing centre; 5, D.C., pointing to centre; 6, D.C., pointing to centre; 7, Backing L.O.D.; 8,
Q78. Would it be possible to make more turn between 3 and 4′?
A78. In practice this is often done, but in standard technique the amount of turn remains the same as for the corner alignment.
Q79. Give the alignment of a Promenade Turn followed by a Rock Turn as Man, when danced along the side of room.
A79. 1, Along L.O.D. pointing D.W.; 2, D.W.; 3, Backing L.O.D.; 4, D.C.; 5, Backing centre; 6,
D.W. against LCD; 7, D.C.; 8, To centre; 9, Pointing D.W.; 10, Facing D.W.
Q80. Could any other alignment be used along side of room?
A80. Yes. 1 to 4 the same, them—5, Backing against L.O.D.; 6, D.W.; 7, D.C. against L.O.D.; 8-,
Against L.O.D.; 9,. Pointing D.C.; 10, Facing D.C.
Q81. Which ﬁgures can be used at a comer in the Tango”?
A81. Walk; Progressive Side Step; Rock Turn; Closed or Open Promenade into corner, followed by a Back Corte to end D.W. of new L.O.D.; Natural Twist Turn; Natural Promenade Turn; Progressive Link; (M) Four Step; Brush Tap; Outside Swivel.
Q82. Which ﬁgure would you teach a novice for a corner ﬁgure?
A82. Best answer is “Rock Turn.” Some teachers might prefer to say Natural Twist Turn or
Q83. Does the Man normally use any turn .on the Progressive Link?
A83. No. He will draw the R. shoulder slightly back, but there is no turn with the feet.
Q84. Give the Footwork of Progressive Link. Man and Lady.
A84. Man: 1, H.; 2, LE. of foot, and LE. of B. (LE). Lady: 1, B.H.; .2, LE. of B.H., and LE. of B.(RF).
QUESTIONS FOR MEMBERS AND FELLOWS ONLY
Q85. Dance a group to include all the Standard Variations.
A85. Dance:— Promenade Link; Four Step; Open Promenade; Outside Swivel; Brush Tap; then a Fall away Promenade along new L.O.D.
Q86. Which ﬁgures can be used to change from Promenade Position to a Walk?
A86. The answer obviously required is “Promenade Link.” Other ﬁgures such as a Closed
Promenade could be used.
Q87. Name the possible alignments and amounts of turn that can be made on the Promenade Link.
A87. (A) Along side of room: (1) Man makes 1/8 to R., Lady makes 1/8 to L. (2) Man makes no turn. Lady makes 1/4 to L. (B) Moving diag. to centre: Man makes 1/8 to. L. and Lady makes 3/8 to L. to end backing (man facing) diag. to centre.
Q88. When dancing the 3rd alignment, where does Man make the turn?
A88. On 2 his R.F. is pointing D.C. so his turn will be made between 1 and 2. Body will complete the turn on 3.
Q89. What is the alignment of Lady’s 2nd step of this Reverse Promenade Link?
A89. Diag. to centre against the L.O.D. (The alignment of steps 1 and 2 as Man and Lady are
similar to the Wing in Waltz).
Q90. What is the Man’s Footwork of Promenade Link. (alignment 1, in A87)?
A90. 1, H.; 2.11.3. (foot ﬂat); 3.1.13. of B.
Q91. Is the Man’s Footwork always the same?
A91. No. If no turn is made, Footwork on 2 is only “H.” It is also only “H” when a turn to Left is made (Alignment “B” in A87)?
Q92. What amount of turn is made by Man and Lady between and 6 of the Fallaway Promenade?
A92. Man makes 1/8 body turn only. Lady makes 1/8 with feet and body.
Q93. Give the alignment of a Fallaway Promenade followed by a Promenade Turn, danced along side of room. Man and Lady.
A93. Man. 1, Along L.O.D. pointing D.W.; 2, Along L.O.D. pointing D.W.; 3, Backing almost DC; 4; To centre; backing DC; 5; To centre; L.F. pointing to. wall; 6; Facing wall. Promenade
Turn:—1; D.W.; pointing to wall; 2; To wall; 3, Backing D.W.; 4; Down L.0.D. Lady. 1; Along
L.0.D. pointing D.C.; 2, Pointing down L.0.D.; 3; Facing almost D.W.; 4; To centre; backing D.C.
against L.0.D.; 5; To centre; backing D.C. against L.0.D.; 6; Facing L.0.D. Promenade Turn:—1;
D.W. pointing to L.0.D.; 2; Pointing D.W.; 3; D.W.; 4; Backing L.0.D.; Finish facing centre.
Q94. If a Closed Promenade is danced after a Fallaway Promenade where will Man be facing. on 4 of the Promenade?
Q95. Give the Footwork of Fallaway Promenade (Lady).
A95. 1; H.; 2; H.; 3; H.; 4; LE. ofB.H.; 5; B.H.; 6, Whole foot.
Q96. What is the timing of the Brush Tap? Count it in beats.
A96. Q. Q. and S. Count:— 1 3.: a 23:.
Q97. Give the beat value of each step in the Brush Tap.
A97. 1/2 1/4 1/4 1 beat.
Q98. What can precede the Brush Tap?
A98. A walk on R.F. Any Closed Finish or a Closed Promenade. An Open Promenade or any
Finish. The Promenade Link.
Q99. Is the Brush Tap always followed by a forward step on L.F.?
A99. No. If danced near a corner the Man could step back on LP. into a Back Corte or a L.F. Rock. Man and Lady could also turn out to RR on the count of “35” and follow the Brush Tap with any Promenade ﬁgure.
Q100. What is the Footwork of the Brush Tap as Man and Lady?
A100. Man: 1. H. 2. EH. 3. Foot slightly off the ﬂoor. 4. LE. of B. Lady: 1. EH. 2. Whole foot. 3.
Foot slightly off the ﬂoor. 4. LE. of B.
Q10]. An Outside Swivel is often danced after an Open Promenade and can be turned to the R. or to the L. from this entry. Is the Open Promenade danced in exactly the same alignment in each case?
A101. No. When the Outside Swivel is turned to the R. the Open Promenade will end between wall and diag. to wall. When turned to the L. the Open Promenade will end diag. to wall.
Q102. Why is the alignment of the Open Promenade altered when the Outside Swivel is turned to the L.‘?
A102. Normally the Man turns slightly to the R. on an Open Promenade but to turn it to the R. when a L. turn is to follow would make the Outside Swivel far more difficult to lead and to dance and would most likely result in a bad hip line on the first step of the Outside Swivel (turned to L.).
Q103. Is the Man’s ﬁrst step of the Outside Swivel (including the movement of the R.F.) the same whether the turn is to the L. or the RI?
A103. No. When turned to R… Man’s LP. is placed with the Toe turned in and his R.F. crosses in ﬁont of LP. without weight. When the Outside Swivel is turned to L. the L. Toe is not turned in and the R.F. moves leftwards in front of LP. without weight.
Q104. When the Outside Swivel is turned to L. after an Open Promenade… what is. unusual about the turn of the Lady?
A104. She will first turn to L. and then to R.
Q105. How many alignments do you know for the Outside Swivel?
A105. 1. After an Open Promenade then Outside Swivel turned to R. 2. After an Open Promenade and then an Outside Swivel turned to L. to follow with a Reverse ﬁgure. 3. After 1, 2, of an Open Reverse Turn. the Man ending the Outside Swivel with body facing diag. to wall against the L.O.D. Follow with 2. 3. of a Prom. Link into Four Step. 4. After 1, 2, of an Open Reverse Turn, the Man ending facing wall. Follow with Link and Brush Tap. (These are described in the “Revised Technique” book. Other alignments are possible).
Q106. Is there anything unusual about the Man’s 2nd step in alignments Nos. 3 and 4 above?
A106. Yes. Man will get a sharp and (for Tango) unusual foot swivel on R.F. as the LP. moves
Q107. Is there anything unusual about the Lady’s 3rd step in alignments Nos. 3 and 4?
A107. Yes. Lady’s 2nd step (L.F.) is pointing down the L.O.D. and she will then step across this alignment, in a direction diag. to centre on 3..